Anti tb drugs ppt?

Lavonne Koelpin asked a question: Anti tb drugs ppt?
Asked By: Lavonne Koelpin
Date created: Mon, Mar 1, 2021 4:38 PM



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Classification • According to clinical utility the anti TB drugs can be divided into 2 groups – First Line : high antitubercular efficacy as well as low toxicity – routinely used • Isoniazid (H) , Rifampin (R), Pyrazinamide (Z),• Isoniazid (H) , Rifampin (R), Pyrazinamide (Z), Ethambutol (E), Streptomycin (S) - HRZES – Second Line : low antitubercular efficacy or high toxicity • Paraminosalicylic Acid, Cycloserine, Kanamycin, Amikacin, Ciprofloxacin, Olfloxacin, Clarithromycin ...

Dosage- Ciprofloxacin– 750mg BD or 500mg TDS Ofloxacin– 400mg BD Levofloxacin500mg OD (preferred over ofloxacin because of once daily dose schedule) Moxifloxacin—400mg OD recent studies suggest use of moxifloxacin with other drugs reduces duration of therapy for drug susceptible tuberculosis. 42.

• Discuss primary and secondary management of TB. • Describe the rationale for multiple drug therapy in treatment of TB. • Discuss appropriate nursing implication for client receiving anti- tuberculin therapy. • Calculate the drug dosage accurately while administering oral and parental medications. • Introduction • Historical Background

˜Not for children, pregnant women, extrapulmonary TB Intermittent Treatment First-Line Drugs (old) First-Line Drugs (new 2016)*: Isoniazid (INH) Isoniazid (INH) Rifampin (RIF) Rifampin (RIF) Ethambutol (EMB) Rifabutin (RFB) Pyrazinamide (PZA) Rifapentine (RPT) Streptomycin (SM) Ethambutol (EMB) Pyrazinamide (PZA) Treatment of TB Disease

Differential diagnosis Side effects of the antiretroviral treatment Drug fever TB infection not responding to standard anti-TB treatment Other concomitant infection Failure of HAART (late IRIS) Proposed criteria for the diagnosis of IRIS in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy French et al Major criteria Atypical presentation of ‘opportunistic infections or tumours’ in patients responding to antiretroviral therapy Decrease in plasma HIV RNA level by 1log10 copies/mL Minor criteria ...

15. Anti Mycobacterial Drugs. An isoniazid - rifampin combination administered. for 9 months will cure 95-98 of cases of. tuberculosis caused by susceptible strains. The addition of pyrazinamide to an isoniazid. rifampin combination for the first two months. allow the total duration of therapy to be reduced.

•It was the first new anti-TB drug to be FDA approved after 1998 (Rifapentine was approved in 1998) •It was the first anti-TB drug with a novel MoA to be FDA approved after 40 years (Rifampicin was approved in 1974) •It was the first anti-TB drug to be introduced specifically for the Rx of MDR-TB in combination with other drugs

The spread of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and the appearance of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) pose new challenges for the prevention, treatment and control of this deadly disease. The control of TB is complicated by the fact that about a third of the world’s population have latent TB, that is, they are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Rational MDR-TB treatment should include a minimum of four active drugs: a later-generation fluoroquinolone (moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin or levofloxacin) plus an injectable aminoglycoside (amikacin, capreomycin or kanamycin) plus any first-line drug to which the isolate is susceptible (e.g., pyrazinamide) plus the addition of one drug from group 4 (cycloserine, p-aminosalicylic acid (PAS), terizidone, prothionamide or ethionamide) . The drugs belonging to group 5 should be included whenever ...

Generally anti TB drugs, that is TB medicine, is taken for the treatment of active TB or TB disease. One exception to this is when TB drugs are taken for the treatment of latent TB. One TB drug must never be taken on it’s own. Several TB drugs, or TB medication, must always be taken together.

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Anti eczema drugs?

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Anti eps drugs?

psychotropic drugs anti psychotic drugs

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Anti estrogen drugs?

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Anti fatigue drugs?

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View information about modafinil modafinil Off-label7.3Rx
Generic name: modafinil systemic Drug class: CNS stimulants For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information Off-label: Yes

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Anti herpes drugs?

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There are three major drugs commonly used to treat genital herpes symptoms: acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir), and valacyclovir (Valtrex). These are all taken in pill form. Severe cases may be treated with the intravenous (IV) drug acyclovir.

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Anti hiv drugs?

antiretroviral drugs classification antiretroviral drugs pictures

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NRTIs block reverse transcriptase, an enzyme HIV needs to make copies of itself.emtricitabine (FTC)Emtriva
lamivudine (3TC)Epivir
tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (tenofovir DF, TDF)Viread
zidovudine (azidothymidine, AZT, ZDV)Retrovir

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Anti infection drugs?

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Anti infective drugs?

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Anti inflammatory drugs?

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